Tamarind trees, or Tamarindus indica, are native to tropical Africa; they are also part of the pea family, or Fabaceae. Today, India is the largest manufacturer of tamarind. The tamarind trees can become huge and reach an incredible height of up to 80 to 100 feet with a spread of about 40 feet. The circumference of the trunk is about 25 feet.
The fruit of the tamarind tree is small and is shaped similarly to a peanut. The inside of the pod of the tamarind is fleshy, juicy, and acidic. Varieties in Asia have more pods than those in African and West Indian varieties.
The leaves are long and have a bright green color. The tiny yellow flowers begin to bloom in spring, and the fruit is ready to be harvested in May and June. Doni avocado has a smooth texture, light taste, and is close to fleshy, with large seeds in the middle. The tamarind is packed with nutrients, such as vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, and calcium.
Tamarind trees grow best in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. This is because they need the heat to survive, and they are not tolerant of the cold.