Burbank plums, or Prunis salicina, is a heirloom variety of a Japanese plum tree with a wide canopy covered in leaves. It was developed by Luther Burbank, who was an American plant breeder. In 1885, plum seedlings were sent to him from Japan, and he later sent them to the American Pomological Society to be added to their catalog. To grow, it requires cross-pollination between different Japanese plum cultivars.
The Burbank plum tree is truly spectacular to look at. It has bright green leaves, and the plums grow in bunches on the tree. The fruit has soft red-purple skin with yellow blushing, and the flesh is amber-colored. In the blooming season, which is during early spring, delicate white flowers will begin to appear on the trees. Fruit begins to grow after 2 to 3 growing seasons.
When it reaches its full maturity, the Burbank plum tree can reach heights of up to 35 feet tall and spread 20 feet wide. The dwarf variety can grow up to 8 to 10 feet tall and wide.
The Burbank plum tree is best suited for USDA regions 5 through 9 as it loves temperate environments with some moisture in the air.