Bruce plums, or Prunus domestica, is a tough and easy-growing tree that produces delicious and juicy fruit early in the spring. It is a hybrid between the Japanese plum and the Chickasaw plum, and it was introduced to North America in 1929 by A. L. Bruce from Donnelly County, Texas.
The Bruce plum tree has deep green leaves, and the large plums grow in bunches on the tree. The fruit has bright red chalky skin with yellow and orange flesh. In the blooming season, which is during early spring, beautiful white blossoms will begin to grow on the trees. Fruit begins to bear 2 to 3 years after it has been planted.
When it reaches its full maturity, the Bruce plum tree can reach up to 12 to 15 feet tall and spread 10 to 20 feet wide. Both the standard and semi-dwarf variety is great for building an orchard or growing as a stand-alone tree.
The Bruce plum tree is best suited for USDA regions 5 through 9, and it thrives in temperate, moist regions. In addition, it is drought tolerant once it has been established.