The original Haden Mango Tree was grown from a Mulgova Mango seedling at the Coconut Grove, Florida home of John Haden in 1902. The first Haden Mango Tree still grows at the home to this day. From these humble beginnings, the Haden Mango variety became one of the most propogated and commercially grown Mangoes in the world for some time. In addition to dominating the commercial Mango growing industry for twenty-five years, the Haden Mango has also been the parent of at least thirty other Mango varieties, including Valencia Pride, Kent, and Irwin.
Haden Mango fruits are medium-large with mature Mangoes being between four to six inches long, and fifteen to twenty-five ounces each. They are sweet, juicy, very nearly fiberless, and have a slight tartness which places their flavor at the top of any list of Mango favorites. The trees can be grown in the ground within USDA Zones 9 to 11, or in pots in Zones 4 to 11. The trees are cold hardy to 25ºF when mature, and their dark green leaves, red new growth, and excellent fruit make the perfect tropical centerpiece for the edible home garden.
Haden Mango Tree Care
The best way to grow a Haden Mango Tree is in the ground if you are in USDA Growing Zones 9 to 11. Plant new trees in spring or summer in a spot that receives six or more hours of direct sunlight per day. Be sure the soil drains well, and plant trees on raised mounds if the surrounding area is prone to flooding in heavy rains. Water every two or three days for the first two weeks, then reduce watering to once per week throughout the first summer. When the tree is established, water whenever the top two inches of soil under the tree has dried out.
Haden Mango Trees are self-fertile, which means you only need one tree to produce fruit. However, if you grow two or more Hadens, or other spring-blooming Mangoes (such as Valencia Pride) you can expect higher yields for both trees. Begin to fertilize Haden Mango Trees once they have been growing in the ground for two months. Fertilize these tropical fruit trees with fertilizer made for Mangoes or Citrus, and apply in the amounts suggested on the packaging every three months. Always water fertilizer in well after applying, and add organic compost to the soil under the tree at any time.
Haden Mango Harvesting and Uses
Haden Mangoes have juicy bright orange flesh that is firm, sweet, and refreshing. The Mangoes ripen in June or July when they develop a red blush over their yellow-pink skins. Pick a few ripe looking fruits, let them soften for a day or two, then do a taste test. If the Mangoes are dry or still slightly green inside, wait for a week and test another fruit. When Haden Mangoes begin to ripen, harvest fruits as you need them for fruit salads, cooking, baking, and eating fresh.
Frozen Haden Mangoes are also a great ingredient for blended tropical drinks. Peel and slice the ripe fruits, freeze in a single layer on a baking sheet, then transfer them into a freezer-safe airtight container. In a blender, combine one cup of frozen mangoes with four to six frozen strawberries, one-half cup of frozen vanilla yogurt, and one-half to one cup of almond milk and blend until smooth for a healthful, refreshing treat. Fresh Haden Mangoes can also be used to make cobbler, muffins, and many other delicious baked goods.
Haden Mango Trees can be affected by fungus, but it is easy to keep them fungus-free. Spray the tree with fungicide once per year in the late winter before blooms appear. Also, to minimize fungus, be sure to plant the trees in an area that gets good airflow and direct sun. Prune the trees in January before they bloom to open the canopy and encourage more airflow. Also trim lower limbs so that the leaves and low branches never touch the ground. Finally, be sure to always remove any fallen fruit and trimmed branches from the area under the tree.
If you are in a colder area you can grow Haden Mango Trees in pots. Select a container that is larger than the existing tree’s root ball, and that has holes for drainage. Add potting soil to the new pot and place the Mango Tree in the container so that the surface of the rootball is about two inches below the new pot rim. Fill the pot with soil up to the level of the new tree’s soil surface, and leave two inches of space at the pot top for watering. Grow the potted tree in the sunniest south facing window possible, or outside on a sunny deck. Bring potted Mango Trees indoors for the winter if freezing weather is common.
When do Haden Mango Trees bloom?
Haden Mango Trees bloom in spring. New trees may bloom and make some fruit, but reliable and heavy production will begin after the tree is two or three years old in the ground.
How tall will a Haden Mango Tree get?
Haden Mango Trees grow to about twenty feet tall. They can be kepth smaller with annual prunning.
Are Haden Mango Trees able to survive a freeze?
Yes. Mature and healthy Haden Mango Trees can take temperatures down to 25ºF, but freezing can kill leaves and small branches. Prune frozen trees in early spring to give them the best chance of recovery.
When are Haden Mangoes harvested?
Haden Mangoes ripen in June or July in most Zone 9 to 11 areas.